Nor are they passed on to the FBI. It's not clear if this warning influenced the adding of Alhazmi and Almihdhar to a terrorism watch list on this same day, and if so, why only those two.
August 23, B: They're not going to bomb that place again. I think they're going to try again. That night, he tells colleague Jerry Hauer, "We're due for something big.
I don't like the way things are lining up in Afghanistan" a probable reference to the assassination of Afghan leader General Massoud on September 9. In the wake of the French intelligence report on Zacarias Moussaoui, FBI agents in Minnesota are "in a frenzy" and "absolutely convinced he [is] planning to do something with a plane. Headquarters personnel bring up "almost ridiculous questions in their apparent efforts to undermine the probable cause.
August 24, A: The message says that the FBI is investigating Moussaoui for possible involvement in the planning of a terrorist attack and mentions his efforts to obtain flight training. It also suggests he might be "involved in a larger plot to target airlines traveling from Europe to the US. August 24, B: Nawaf Alhazmi does the same the next day. Procedures are in place for law enforcement agencies to share watch list information with airlines and airports.
Such sharing is common, but the FAA and the airlines are not notified, so the purchases raise no red flags. Most pay using credit cards on the internet.
Why would they pay using credit cards in their real names? The supervisor replies that he is trying to get people at FBI headquarters "spun up" because he is trying to make sure that Moussaoui does "not take control of a plane and fly it into the World Trade Center.
We don't know he's a terrorist. You don't have enough to show he is a terrorist. You have a guy interested in this type of aircraft - that is it. August 28, A: The reason given is a "wall" between criminal and intelligence work - Almihdhar could not be tied to the Cole investigation without the inclusion of sensitive intelligence information. August 28, B: Minnesota is trying to prove that Moussaoui is connected to al-Qaeda through a rebel group in Chechnya, but the RFU agent removes information connecting the Chechnya rebels to al-Qaeda.
She says "I feel that certain facts August September 4, According to Egyptian President Mubarak, Egyptian intelligence warns American officials that bin Laden's network is in the advanced stages of executing a significant operation against an American target, probably within the US. US officials deny receiving any such warning from Egypt. An Iranian man known as Ali S.
He calls it "an attack that will change the world. German police later confirm the calls. Similar warnings also come from a Moroccan man being held in a Brazilian jail.
Antoinette DiLorenzo, teaching English to a class of Pakistani immigrants, asks a student gazing out the window, "What are you looking at?
They won't be standing there next week. An MSNBC reporter later sets out to disprove this "urban myth," but to his surprise finds all the details of the story are confirmed. The fact that the family are recent immigrants from Pakistan might mean the information came from Pakistan. Investigators believe it was an accident. This was a nicely protected little secret that circulated in the community around here. Between 6 and 7 September, The Chicago Board Options Exchange saw purchases of 4, put option contracts [a speculation that the stock will go down] in UAL versus call options [a speculation that stock will go up].
On 10 September, more trading in Chicago saw the purchase of 4, put options in American Airlines, the other airline involved in the hijackings. This compares with a mere call options in American purchased that day. No other airlines saw such trading in their put options. Hijacker Ziad Jarrah is stopped in Maryland for speeding, ticketed and released.
No red flags show up when his name is run through the computer by the state police. However, he already had been questioned in United Arab Emirates at the request of the CIA for "suspected involvement in terrorist activities. September 10, A: The books are cooked routinely year after year. September 10, B: CBS later reports that on this day, bin Laden is admitted to a military hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, for kidney dialysis treatment. Pakistani military forces guard bin Laden. They also move out all the regular staff in the urology department and send in a secret team to replace them.
It is not known how long he stayed. September 10, C: On the same day, he sends a request for budget increases to the White House. It covers 68 programs, but none of them relate to counter-terrorism. He also sends a memorandum to his heads of departments, stating his seven priorities - none of them relating to counter-terrorism.
This is more than a little strange, since Ashcroft stopped flying public airplanes in July due to terrorist threats see July 26, and he told a Senate committee in May that counter-terrorism was his "highest priority. September 10, D: The trading ratio on United Airlines is 25 times greater than normal at the Pacific Exchange. Pacific Exchange officials later decline to state if this abnormality is being investigated.
September 10, E: According to CBS News, in the afternoon before the attack, "alarm bells were sounding over unusual trading in the US stock options market. Both the FBI and the Justice Department have confirmed the use of such programs for US intelligence gathering through at least this summer.
This would confirm that CIA should have had additional advance warning of imminent attacks against American and United Airlines planes. September 10, F: US officials later admit American agents had infiltrated al-Qaeda cells in the US, though how many and how long they had been in al-Qaeda remains a mystery.
On this day, electronic intercepts connected to these undercover agents hear messages such as: September 10, G: Eight hours prior to the attacks, San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown receives a warning from "my security people at the airport" advising him to be cautious in traveling. September 10, H: She is told by Cheney's top aide on this day "that it might be another six months before he would be able to review the material. September 10, I: Why that same information was not available to the people who died aboard the four hijacked commercial aircraft may become a hot topic on the Hill.
September 10, J: Former president Bush is with a brother of Osama bin Laden at a Carlyle business conference. The conference is interrupted the next day by the attacks. September 11, A: Attendees had just arrived when the first WTC attack occurs. This base is the center of the nation's military defenses, and the same base that Bush will fly to later in the day. The timing, probable attendance, and location of the meeting is curious, to say the least, as is the total lack of any mention of the meeting anywhere, except for one aside by a business leader Anne Tatlock, CEO and President of Fiduciary and Franklin explaining why she survived the WTC attack.
September 11, B: An advertisement for a "homeland security" event in will mention the following curious sentence: Little did they know that the scenario would come true in a dramatic way that day. It draws its personnel from the military and the CIA. The government calls the simulation just a "bizarre coincidence. September 11, C: Unusually large sums of money were rushed through computers even as the disaster unfolded. They thought that the records of their transactions could not be traced after the main frames were destroyed.
September 11, D: At least 3, people are killed. According to officials, the entire US is defended by only 14 fighters two planes each in seven military bases. I don't know of anybody that ever thought through that. Timeline for the Day of the Attacks. In the event of a hijacking, the FAA hijack coordinator on duty at Washington headquarters requests the military to provide escort aircraft. If a plane deviates by 15 degrees, or two miles from that course, the flight controllers will hit the panic button.
They'll call the plane, saying "American 11, you're deviating from course. If NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command hears of any difficulties in the skies, they begin the work to scramble jet fighters [ take off and intercept aircraft that are off course ].
Between Sep and June fighters were scrambled 67 times. According to an Air Force timeline, a series of military planes provided an emergency escort to Payne's stricken Lear about 20 minutes after ground controllers lost contact with his plane. Approximately two hours prior to the first attack, two workers in Israel at the instant messaging company Odigo receive messages warning of the WTC attack. This Israeli owned company has its headquarters two blocks from the WTC. The two employees claim not to know who sent the warnings.
At the same time that flight controllers are asking Flight 11 to climb to 35, feet, the transponder stops transmitting. Air traffic manager Glenn Michael says later, "We considered it at that time to be a possible hijacking. Flight 11 starts to veer dramatically off course around this time. Boston flight control decides that Flight 11 has probably been hijacked, but they don't notify other air traffic control centers for another five minutes, and don't notify NORAD for about another 20 minutes.
There's a gap there that will have to be investigated. Nydia Gonzales also listens in from 8: Ong talks for 25 minutes, until the plane crashes. The FBI says that only the first four minutes were recorded, but won't release the tape. The pilot of Flight 11, John Ogonowski, activates the talk-back button, enabling Boston air traffic controllers to hear a hijacker on Flight 11 say to the passengers: Just stay quiet and you will be OK.
We are returning to the airport. If you try to make any moves you'll endanger yourself and the airplane. Boston Air Traffic Control radar sees Flight 11 making an unplanned degree turn to the south they're already way off-course. Flight controllers say they never lost sight of the flight, though they could no longer determine altitude once the transponder was turned off. On the screen, the plane showed a squiggly line after its turn near Albany, then it straightened.
Two F fighters are ordered to scramble from Otis Air National Guard Base in Massachusetts to find Flight 11, approximately miles from the known location of the plane and miles from New York City. Fighters in nearer bases are not scrambled. This is minutes after NORAD has been told the plane was hijacked, approximately 26 minutes after losing contact with the plane.
Finally, someone sees a "green dot that's not identified. Almost as soon as it's discovered, it disappears. Before a turn at 8: For instance, "Controllers scrambled to direct other planes out of the way of both United and American Airlines Flight 11", and several collisions were barely averted. Flight 11 slams into the north tower, 1 World Trade Center. Investigators believe it still had about 10, gallons of fuel and was traveling mph.
Bush's motorcade left for the school at 8: As it was arriving at the school, pagers and cell phones alerted White House aides that a plane had hit the North Tower of the World Trade Center. Bush remembers senior adviser Karl Rove bringing him the news, saying it appeared to be an accident involving a small, twin-engine plane. Eventually they are recalled to Andrews and land there at some point after Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon.
Traveling even at mph, at least one of the F's could have returned to Washington within 10 minutes and started patrolling the skies well before 9: Why were they recalled so late, and then ordered back to base and then to take off again instead of being sent straight to Washington?
Flight 77 from Washington goes severely off course. It heads due north for a while, then flies due south and gets back on course. According to regulations a fighter should have scrambled to see what was going on. She tells him, ''they had box cutters and knives. They rounded up the passengers at the back of the plane. She calls back and says the plane is turning around. They go after Flight instead. Paul Weaver, director of the Air National Guard, "the pilots flew 'like a scalded ape,' topping mph but were unable to catch up to the airliner.
Larry Arnold says they were headed straight for New York City and traveling about to mph. Timothy Duffy, one of the pilots, before takeoff, a fellow officer had told him "This looks like the real thing. I just wanted to get there. I was in full-blower all the way. F's can travel over mph. An at average speed of mph, they would have reached it in 10 minutes - 9: According to the New York Times , by this time if not earlier , it is clear Flight 77 has gone missing.
Bush later makes the following statement. It must have been a horrible accident. T he New York Times points out that they also probably knew Flight 77 was hijacked a few minutes after 8: So by this time Bush certainly knew two planes were hijacked and headed towards New York City, and probably knew of a third hijacking.
Yet he can only think "There's one terrible pilot"? Flight , hits the south tower, 2 World Trade Center. If they were still 70 miles away, then that means they must have been traveling about mph, when the top speed for an F is mph! A few minutes after 9: They are notified to get F's armed and ready to fly. Missiles are still being loaded onto the F's when the Pentagon is hit over half an hour later. Minutes after the second WTC crash at 9: The commander at Syracuse, New York says he can get a plane in the air armed with cannon in ten minutes.
Yet none of these planes are put in the air until after the last hijacked plane crashes over an hour later. Yet the order to scramble won't come till 9: Around this time, the FAA command center reports 11 aircraft either not in communication with FAA facilities, or flying unexpected routes.
Major General Paul Weaver states Flight 77 came back on the radar scope at 9: No fighters are scrambled in specific response, now or later there is the possibility some fighters sent after Flight 77 later headed towards Flight F fighters from Langley Air Force Base could have reached Washington in six minutes if they traveled at mph maximum speed for an F is mph. Even if the fighters were traveling slower, and it took some minutes to get the plane off the ground, they still could easily have made it to Washington in those 25 minutes and prevented the Flight 77 crash.
Is such a long delay believable, or has that information been doctored to cover the lack of any scrambling of fighters? Additionally, with the exception of Vice President Cheney and possibly a few others, no one is evacuated in Washington until after the Pentagon crash.
A Pentagon spokesman says, "The Pentagon was simply not aware that this aircraft was coming our way. The plane has been hijacked. We are in the air. They've already knifed a guy. There is a bomb on board. He also had a headset like phone operators use, so he could have made the call unnoticed.
Note that original versions of this conversation appear to have been censored. The most recent account has the phone call ending with, "We are in the air. They already knifed a guy. One of them has a gun. They're saying there is a bomb onboard. Please call the authorities. The call wasn't recorded, but Deena's call immediately afterwards to was, and she states on that, "They just knifed a passenger and there are guns on the plane. Langley is miles from Washington.
Ready aircraft at Andrews Air Force Base, 15 miles away, are not scrambled. A rare example of competence. But earlier, according to their own timeline, they waited six minutes before scrambling fighters after Flight Flight 77 had supposedly been missing from the radar screen since 8: Why wait 31 minutes to send a plane and find out where it is?
Bush leaves the elementary school classroom, and as he leaves, makes a few brief comments to reporters, calling the crashes "an apparent terrorist attack on our country. The F's scrambled towards Flight 77 get airborne. The maximum speed of an F is mph. Yet they obviously don't. The hijackers make an announcement to the passengers in Flight 77, telling them to phone their families as they are "all going to die".
They also told the passengers that they were going to hit the White House. They carry him under his arms - nearly lifting him off the ground - and propel him down the steps into the White House basement and through a long tunnel towards an underground bunker. Was he meant to remain visibly out of the loop?
Another article claims this happened to Cheney at 9: According to the New York Times , Flight 77 was lost at 8: Washington air traffic control sees a fast moving blip on their radar at this time and sends a warning to Dulles Airport in Washington.
One doesn't need a transponder signal to get a radar signal! Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon. The section of the Pentagon hit consists mainly of newly renovated, unoccupied offices. Approximately are later determined killed or missing.
The surface to air missiles presumably surrounding the Pentagon are not fired in defense. Fighters are supposedly still miles or 12 minutes away. A man calls from a bathroom on Flight 93, crying, "We're being hijacked, we're being hijacked!
The south tower of the World Trade Center collapses. It was hit by Flight at 9: During this time, there apparently are no calls from Flight The only exception is Richard Makely, who was listening to the Jeremy Glick open phone line after Glick went to attack the hijackers. A reporter summarizes Makely explaining that, "The silence lasted two minutes, then there was screaming.
More silence, followed by more screams. Finally, there was a mechanical sound, followed by nothing. CBS television reports at some point before the crash that two F fighters are tailing Flight Flight 93 crashes in Pennsylvania. The World Trade Center's north tower collapses. It was hit by Flight 11 at 8: Cheney calls Bush and tells him of a threat to Air Force One.
He is told it would take between 40 minutes and 90 minutes to get a protective fighter escort up to Air Force One. For one, why wouldn't Air Force One already have a fighter escort, and why would it take so long for new planes to arrive?
There already are fighters flying over Washington since well before Building 7 of the World Trade Center collapses.
And they made that decision to pull, and then we watched the building collapse. September 11, E: After boarding, the crew tells the passengers that the flight has been canceled. Three Middle Eastern men on board refuse to get off the plane. They argue with a member of the flight crew. Security is called, but before security arrives, the men escape. September 11, F: Initially deployed "on the fly," executive directives on government continuity in the face of a crisis dating back to the Reagan administration are put into effect.
Approximately mid-level officials are moved to underground bunkers and stay there 24 hours a day. Officials rotate in and out on a day cycle. When its existence is revealed, some controversy arises because of the exclusion of any Democrats from it. In fact, top Congressional Democrats had never even heard of it until journalists broke the story. September 11, G: A few hours after the attacks, German intelligence intercepts a phone conversation between followers of bin Laden that leads the FBI to search frantically for two more teams of suicide hijackers, according to US and German officials.
The Germans overhear the terrorists refer to "the 30 people traveling for the operation. About forty are accounted for as dead or in custody; ten are missing. They also believe a total of 27 suspected terrorists received some form of pilot training. This corresponds with many analyses that the attacks would have needed a large support network. What happened to the rest of the 40 or 50? September 11, H: A National Public Radio correspondent states: So this is not entirely unexpected.
September 11, I: Senator Orrin Hatch R tells the Associated Press that the US government was monitoring bin Laden's communications electronically, and overheard two bin Laden aides celebrating the successful terrorist attack. September 11, J: Two of Atta's bags from an early flight from Portland are not loaded onto Flight 11 and are discovered. They contain a handheld electronic flight computer, a simulator procedures manual for Boeing and aircraft, two videotapes relating to "air tours" of the Boeing and aircraft, a slide-rule flight calculator, a copy of the Koran, Atta's passport, his international driver's license, a religious cassette tape, airline uniforms, a letter of recommendation, "education related documentation," a note to other hijackers on how to mentally prepare for the hijacking, and Atta's will written in A former high-level intelligence official told me, 'Whatever trail was left was left deliberately—for the FBI to chase.
Why would the airline uniforms be where they couldn't be used in the hijacking? In fact, why bring anything at all unless it is to leave it behind and send a message? September 11, K: According to Mark Crispin Miller, a Professor of Media Studies at New York University who investigated the issue, the footage was filmed during the funeral of nine people killed the day before by Israeli authorities. He said "to show it without explaining the background, and to show it over and over again is to make propaganda for the war machine and is irresponsible.
September 11, L: Five Israelis are arrested for "puzzling behavior" related to the WTC attacks. They are arrested around 4: They were spotted by a neighbor who called the police and the FBI.
The police tracked them down in a van with the words "Urban Moving Systems" written on the side. It looked like they're hooked in with this. It looked like they knew what was going to happen. The FBI interrogates them for weeks. September 11, M: Six air traffic controllers who dealt with two of the hijacked airliners make a tape recording describing the events, but the tape is later destroyed by a supervisor without anyone making a transcript or even listening to it.
September 11, N: Did the Air Force send up planes after the hijacked aircraft? The Air Force won't say. It says they keep about 20 F and F fighters on duty with Air National Guards along the nation's coastline, ready to inspect unknown aircraft entering U.
Some airline pilots are wondering whether the FAA did enough to try to prevent the crashes. The official story is that there were no fighters at Andrews so none took off from there to intercept the hijacked planes, but it takes a few days for the media to come around to that point of view: Air National Guard is also based there and equipped with F fighter planes, a National Guard spokesman said.
But the fighters took to the skies over Washington only after the devastating attack on the Pentagon As part of its dual mission, the th provides capable and ready response forces for the District of Columbia in the event of a natural disaster or civil emergency.
Previously its mission was "to provide combat units in the highest possible state of readiness. The Guardian says, "the idea that Atta's passport had escaped from that inferno unsinged [tests] the credulity of the staunchest supporter of the FBI's crackdown on terrorism.
Note the passport did not belong to Atta, as is sometimes claimed. A Pentagon official, when asked if the US shot down Flight 93 the flight that crashed in Pennsylvania , says "We have not ruled out that. So, supposedly, when Flight 93 crashed, Bush had to ask, "Did we shoot it down or did it crash? Members of bin Laden's family and important Saudis are "driven or flown under FBI supervision to a secret assembly point in Texas, and then to Washington from where they left the country on a private charter plane when airports reopened three days after the attacks.
Top White House officials personally approve these evacuations. They then fly a private out of the country. Multiple s with Arabic lettering on their sides are already there, suggesting another secret assembly point.
There have been conflicting reports as to whether the FBI interviewed these people before they left the country. September 14, A: The two "black boxes" for Flight 77 are found. September 14, B: The Director of the Air National Guard explains why jets failed to scramble towards the hijacked aircraft for so long. He says that before , bases defended the US, but since then the number was reduced to seven, with only two fighter planes at each base defending the entire country from external threats.
However, numerous air force bases on the East Coast alone, including bases in Westfield, Massachusetts, Syracuse, New York, Hartford, Connecticut and Andrews, Virginia, claim they have battle ready fighters on alert 24 hours a day. All of these bases were better positioned to respond to the hijacker airplanes than the bases ultimately chosen. In , when golfer Payne Stewart's plane went off course, fighters were scrambled from four different bases none of the official seven and reached his plane in 20 minutes.
There are numerous other examples of fighter scramblings since that seem to contradict the "only seven bases" story. September 14, C: Some gruesome remains are discovered in the WTC remains.
Investigators find a pair of severed hands bound together with plastic handcuffs on a nearby building. They are believed to have belonged to a stewardess. A National Transportation Safety Board spokesman says: I can't recall another domestic case in which we did not recover the recorders.
They can withstand heat of up to 2, degrees Fahrenheit for one hour, and can withstand an impact of an incredible 3, G's. September 14, D: That's how long American Airlines Flight 77 meandered through the air headed for the White House, its flight plan abandoned, its radar beacon silent Who was watching in those 45 minutes?
Was anyone doing anything about it? Just as a national defense thing, how are they able to fly around and no one go after them?
CIA Director Tenet briefs Bush "with a briefcase stuffed with top-secret documents and plans, in many respects the culmination of more than four years of work on Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda network and worldwide terrorism.
Tenet then turns to a top secret document called the "Worldwide Attack Matrix," which describes covert operations in 80 countries that are either underway or now recommended. The actions range from routine propaganda to lethal covert action in preparation for military attacks. By comparison, the military, which is the normal planner of military campaigns, is caught relatively unprepared and defers to the CIA plans. Hamza Alghamdi is also connected to the Pensacola base.
The media drops the story after the Air Force makes a not-very-definitive statement, saying that while the names are similar, "we are probably not talking about the same people. But, he says, he left the US last year and became a pilot with Saudi Arabian airlines. The investigation is ongoing, and I am not certain as to several of the others. The hijackers were using stolen identities, and investigators are studying the possibility that the entire suicide squad consisted of impostors.
For instance, a story in the Observer on September 23 put the names of hijackers like Saeed Alghamdi in quotation marks. September 17, A: Congressman Dana Rohrabacher R , who claims to have made many secret trips into Afghanistan and even fought with the mujaheddin, describes to Congress a missed opportunity to capture bin Laden.
He claims that "a few years ago," he was contacted by someone he knew and trusted from the 's Afghan war, who claimed he could pinpoint bin Laden's location.
Rohrabacher passed this information to the CIA, but found the informant wasn't contacted. Yet even then the informant wasn't contacted, until weeks later in a "disinterested" way. Rohrabacher concludes "that our intelligence services knew about the location of bin Laden several times but were not permitted to attack him September 17, B: The document also directs the Pentagon to begin planning military options for an invasion of Iraq.
Two days after Bush signs the document, the Defense Policy Board - with Rumsfeld in attendance - meets at the Pentagon and animatedly discusses the importance of ousting Saddam Hussein - a policy Richard Perle, chairman of the Defense Policy Board, had advocated in for the goal of "rebuilding Zionism" see B.
Iraq secretly becomes a "central focus" of the US's counter-terrorism efforts over the next nine months, without much in the way of internal debate, public pronouncements or paper trail see also September and April About 40 of the men have been accounted for. Reports like those below suggest there may have been as many as eight aborted flights, leading to a potential total of 12 hijackings: Alternately, they may have been planning an attack for September Three Middle Eastern men angrily refused to get off the plane when it was canceled, then escaped security see September 11, E.
The Pentagon has told broadcast news reporters that its security cameras did not capture the crash. The attack occurred close to the Pentagon's heliport, an area that normally would be under hour security surveillance, including video monitoring.
However, he says, "I've never seen what the pictures looked like. The FBI was here within minutes and took the film. If there is nothing to hide about the Pentagon crash, why don't they release the footage of it? September 21 or 22, However, the FBI accepts his story that he met Alhazmi and Almihdhar by coincidence and he is "released after a week without charge. Hijackings on all these flights were foiled when an unexpected ban on new flights prevented them from taking off.
An FBI source says they had been invited into the cockpits under the impression that they were guest pilots from other airlines. It is standard practice to give guest pilots the spare seat in the cockpit known as the jump seat. As details of the passengers on the four hijacked flights emerge, some are shown to have curious connections to the defense company Raytheon, and possibly its Global Hawk pilotless aircraft program see and August One Raytheon colleague calls him "our dean of electronic warfare.
David Kovalcin Flight 11 was a senior mechanical engineer for Raytheon's electronic systems. There may be more, since many of the passengers' jobs and personal information have remained anonymous. A surprising number of passengers, especially on Flight 77, have military connections. Or is it possible they, along with others, were not even on the planes? As she later tells CBS's 60 Minutes , she immediately encounters a pattern of deliberate failure in her translation department.
Her boss says, "Let the documents pile up so we can show it and say that we need more translators and expand the department. Senator Charles Grassley R says of her charges, "She's credible, and the reason I feel she's very credible is because people within the FBI have corroborated a lot of her story.
Nine Army linguists, including six trained to speak Arabic, are dismissed from the military's Defense Language Institute in Monterey, California, because they are gay. The military claims it is facing a critical shortage of translators and interpreters for the war on terrorism.
October 2, A: One day later, Senate Majority Leader and future anthrax target Tom Daschle D says he doubts the Senate will take up this bill in the one-week timetable the administration wants. As head of the Senate, Daschle has great power to block or slow passage of the bill. Leahy is in a key position to block or slow the bill. October 2, B: A newspaper reveals that Atta kept an e-mail list so he could send out identical e-mails to everyone on the list.
The first case of anthrax infection, in Florida, appears in the media. Letters containing anthrax continue to be received until October There are a number of hoax letters, however, likely sent by the same person to all the recipients of the real anthrax letters, plus to CBS, Fox News, New York Times, and the St. Eleven people are infected, five people die. Contrary to popular belief, Afghanistan "has significant oil and gas deposits.
During the Soviets' decade-long occupation of Afghanistan, Moscow estimated Afghanistan's proven and probable natural gas reserves at around five trillion cubic feet, and production reached million cubic feet per day in the mid's. The FBI allows the original batch of the Ames strain of anthrax to be destroyed, making tracing the anthrax type more difficult.
Suspicions that the anthrax used in the letters was the Ames strain are confirmed on October According to the Moscow Times , the Russian government sees the upcoming US conquest of Afghanistan as an attempt by the US to replace Russia as the dominant political force in Central Asia, with the control of oil as a prominent motive: Ultimately, this war will set the boundaries of US and Russian influence in Central Asia - and determine the future of oil and gas resources of the Caspian Sea.
October 16, A: There has been a widespread suspicion that members of the al-Qaeda organization had cashed in on the US attacks, dumping airline, aerospace and insurance company shares before September 11th. The Authority says that after a thorough investigation it has found no hard evidence of any such deals in London. October 16, B: The government releases flight control transcripts of three of the four hijacked planes see the transcripts here: Strangely, Flight 93 is left out.
Yet even the three released transcripts are incomplete for instance, Flight 77's ends at least 20 minutes before it crashes , and certain events that are part of the official story don't show up on these transcripts. What's the reason for secrecy?
The Economist reports that the Taliban is dumping its stockpile of heroin into the market to pay for the war against the US. Furthermore, "none of the nearly people still being sought by the [FBI] is seen as a major suspect. The penalty was less than time already served, and he was deported. Though many were held for months, "the vast majority were never charged with anything other than overstaying a visa. They played all kinds of games, kept the House in session all night, and it was a very complicated bill.
Maybe a handful of staffers actually read it, but the bill definitely was not available to members before the vote. They claim that possible leads aren't being followed because of the NSA lack of cooperation. Early November A: Many locals in Afghanistan witness a remarkable escape of al-Qaeda forces from Kabul around this time.
One local businessman says: It was a very dark night, but it must have been easy for the American pilots to see the headlights. The main road was jammed from eight in the evening until three in the morning. Early November B: Starting in late October, US intelligence reports begin noting that al-Qaeda fighters and leaders are moving into and around the Afghanistan city of Jalalabad.
By early November, bin Laden is there. But the US Central Command, which was running the war, made no move to block their escape. She had been investigating the connections between the ISI and the Taliban.
Nov 12, —Mar 25, All but one or two are killed or murdered under unusual circumstances. Some are world leaders in developing weapons-grade biological plagues. Others are the best in figuring out how to stop millions from dying because of biological weapons. Still others are experts in the theory of bioterrorism. Benito Que, 52, an expert in infectious diseases—killed in carjacking, later deemed possible stroke. Don Wiley, 57, one of the world's leading researchers of deadly viruses—body found in Mississippi River.
Vladimir Pasechnik, 64, an expert in adapting germs and viruses for military use—stroke. Robert Schwartz, 57, a leading researcher on DNA sequencing analysis—slain at home. Nguyen Van Set, 44, his research organization had just come to fame for discovering a virus which can be modified to affect smallpox—dies in an airlock in his lab.
Victor Korshunov, 56, head of the microbiology sub-faculty at the Russian State Medical University—killed by cranial injury.
Ian Langford, 40, one of Europe's leading experts on environmental risk—murdered in home. Steven Mostow, 63, an expert on the threat of bioterrorism—private plane crash. The Northern Alliance capture the Afghan city of Jalalabad. Bin Laden is believed to be with them, riding in one of "several hundred cars" in the convoy. The US bombs the nearby Jalalabad airport, but apparently not the convoy.
Ismail Khan, governor of Herat province and one of Afghanistan's most successful militia leaders, later claims that his troops and other Northern Alliance fighters held back at the request of the US from sweeping into Kandahar at this time. Khan maintains "we could have captured all the Taliban and the al-Qaeda groups.
We could have arrested Osama bin Laden with all of his supporters. At the request of the Pakistani government, the US secretly allows rescue flights into the besieged Taliban stronghold of Kunduz in Northern Afghanistan to save Pakistanis fighting for the Taliban and bring them back to Pakistan.
But New Yorker magazine reports, "What was supposed to be a limited evacuation apparently slipped out of control and, as an unintended consequence, an unknown number of Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters managed to join in the exodus.
Of the 8, remaining al-Qaeda, Pakistani and Taliban, about 5, are airlifted out and 3, surrender. November 16, A: Don Wiley, 57, disappears during a business trip to Memphis, Tennessee. He was widely regarded as the nation's foremost expert in using special X-ray cameras and mathematical formulas to make high-resolution images of viruses. November 16, B: According to Newsweek , approximately al-Qaeda and Taliban fighters escape Afghanistan on this day. Many senior leaders are in the group.
They had walked a long trek from bombing in the Tora Bora region. There are two main routes out of the Tora Bora cave complex to Pakistan. The US bombed only one route, so the escaped unattacked using the other route.
Hundreds continue to use the route to escape for weeks, generally unbothered by US bombing or Pakistani border guards. He writes, "I did what I had to do, and you should be very proud of that It is a great honor and you will see the result, and everyone will be celebrating. However, it bears only a vague resemblance to other pictures of Jarrah.
Could someone who looked vaguely like him have stolen his identity for other stolen identities, see September , ? November 21, A: The Independent runs a story with the title: November 21, B: World-class microbiologist and high-profile Russian defector Dr. Vladimir Pasechnik, 64, dies of a stroke. Pasechnik, who defected to Britain in , had played a huge role in the development of Russian biowarfare, heading a lab of "with an unlimited budget" and "the best staff available. November 21, C: The remains of all but one of the people on board Flight 77, including the hijackers, are identified.
A rescue worker states: The devastation was horrific. Hauswirth particularly criticizes that "[Ken] Williams, regarded as the best terrorism agent in the office, had to interrupt his pre-Sept.
Why take your best terrorism investigator and put him on an arson case? He didn't have a choice. A month later he wrote a now-famous memo suggesting that terrorists might be training at US flight schools see July 10, Convicted drug lord and opium kingpin Ayub Afridi is released from prison and recruited by the US government to help establish control in Afghanistan by unifying various Pashtun warlords. The former opium smuggler was one of the CIA's leading assets in the Afghan war against the Russians.
Robert Schwartz, 57, was stabbed and slashed with what police believe was a sword in his farmhouse in Leesberg, Va. He was "a brilliant scientist who had a gift for explaining complex scientific subjects in simple language. Fox News broadcasts a remarkable series about the Israeli "art student" spy ring. But when asked for details, he flatly refuses to describe them, saying, "evidence linking these Israelis to is classified.
Nguyen Van Set, 44, dies in an airlock filled with nitrogen in his lab in Geelong, Australia. The lab had just been written up in the journal Nature for its work in genetic manipulation and DNA sequencing. It was revealed a few weeks before that he had been a paid consultant for Unocal, as well as Deputy Foreign Minister for the Taliban. The New York Times reports that "some of the nation's leading structural engineers and fire-safety experts" believe the investigation into the collapse of the WTC is "inadequate", and "are calling for a new, independent and better-financed inquiry that could produce the kinds of conclusions vital for skyscrapers and future buildings nationwide.
Ivan Glebov and Alexi Brushlinski. Pravda reports that Glebov died as the result of a bandit attack and reports without explanation that Brushlinski was killed in Moscow. Both were "well known around the world" and members of the Russian Academy of Science. Zalamy Khalilzad, already a Special Assistant to the President, is appointed by Bush as a special envoy to Afghanistan.
He also wrote op-eds in the Washington Post in supporting the Taliban regime, back when Unocal was hoping to work with the Taliban. A firefighter trade magazine with ties to the New York Fire Department calls the investigation into the collapse of the WTC a "half-baked farce. Reid, the British man accused of trying to blow up an American airliner with explosives hidden in his sneakers.
As part of that probe, Pearl may have strayed into areas involving Pakistan's secret intelligence organizations. Bush repeats the request on January 28, and Daschle is repeatedly pressured thereafter. Newsweek summarizes one of these conversations: Victor Korshunov, 56, is bashed over the head and killed at the entrance of his home in Moscow, Russia.
He was the head of the microbiology sub-faculty at the Russian State Medical University. Katherine Smith is killed one day before her scheduled appearance in court on charges she helped five Muslim terrorists get illegal drivers licenses. Her car supposedly hit a tree and then caught on fire. The FBI later determined that gasoline was poured on her clothing before she died in the fire.
A suicide note was found, but prosecutors say they are looking for murder suspects. Ian Langford, 40, is found dead, partially naked and wedged under a chair in his home in Norwich, England. One of his colleagues states: He was one of the most brilliant colleagues I have ever had.
The Israeli newspaper Ma'ariv astutely notes: If I were a believer in conspiracy theory, I would think that bin Laden is an American agent. The Financial Times reports that the estimated opium harvest in Afghanistan in June will reach a record metric tons. The Pentagon announces the existence of the new Office of Strategic Influence which "was quietly set up after September The new office proves so controversial that it is declared closed six days later.
This office seems to serve the same function as the earlier Office of Strategic Influence, minus the covert manipulation. Police and intelligence agencies in Britain predict "a potentially huge increase in heroin trafficking because of massive and unchecked replanting of the opium crop in Afghanistan. Even two weeks after Time informed US officials that Khaksar wanted to talk, no one has properly interviewed him.
He says he has useful information, and may be able to help locate former Taliban leader Mullah Omar. Time notes that "he claims to have information about al-Qaeda links to the ISI.
February 28, A: February 28, B: Two dead microbiologists in San Francisco: While taking delivery of a pizza, Tanya Holzmayer, 46, is shot and killed by a colleague, Guyang Huang, 38, who then apparently shoots himself.
Holzmayer moved to the US from Russia in Her research focused on the part of the human molecular structure that could be affected best by medicine. Holzmayer was focusing on helping create new drugs that interfere with replication of the virus that causes AIDS.
It is written by Thierry Meyssan, "president of the Voltaire Network, a respected independent think tank whose left-leaning research projects have until now been considered models of reasonableness and objectivity.
They note that the crash hit the one section under construction, thus greatly reducing the loss of life. Furthermore, the wall at point of impact was the first and only one to be reinforced and have blast-resistant windows installed as part of an upgrade plan.
The editor also flees the country in response. These journalists had reported on connections between Saeed Sheikh, arrested for the murder of Daniel Pearl, and recent attacks on the Indian parliament in Delhi and Kashmir.
It was the first time a steel-reinforced high-rise in the US had ever collapsed in a fire. The fuel tank had been installed in as part of a new "command center" for Mayor Rudolph Giuliani. All the files for approximately 3, to 4, SEC cases were destroyed.
Some were backed up in other places, but many were not, especially those classified as confidential. A Washington Post article completely denies the existence of any Israeli spy ring. A firewall is blocking access to Prezi content. Check out this article to learn more or contact your system administrator. Send the link below via email or IM. Present to your audience. Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article.
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Add a personal note: Houston, we have a problem! Stand out and be remembered with Prezi, the secret weapon of great presenters. Send the link below via email or IM Copy. Present to your audience Start remote presentation. Do you really want to delete this prezi? Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. September 11th constitutes a horrific event in the history of the United States that continues to influence our societal, political and personal decisions.
Transcript of 9/11 Research Paper September 11th Research Paper: September 11th constitutes a horrific event in the history of the United States that continues to influence our societal, political and personal decisions.
Papers Research publishes scientific papers addressing aspects of the September 11th attack. The destruction of the Twin Towers. Source Related to Exceptionally High Temperatures, and/or to Persistent Heat at Ground Zero;.
9/11 I chose the events of 9/11 for my research paper because there has not been any other even in U.S. history that has changed America as much as the terrorist attacks on September 11, 9/11 Research: Eye-opening research on 9/11 from major media websites with direct links for verification suggest a major cover-up. Great place .