In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral.
The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Make the first outline tentative. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper?
State also how you plan to approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic. BODY — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement.
Remember the Rule of 3, i. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion.
Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis.
This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place. You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids.
Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately.
As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.
This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.
If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined.
The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind.
Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. Is my thesis statement concise and clear? Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? How was the assassination of Abraham Lincoln plotted and executed? Do the benefits of vaccination outweigh the risks? How do submarines work? Do lie detector tests accurately determine truthful statements? How did Cold War tension affect the US and the world?
What happened to the lost settlers at Roanoke? How does a hybrid car save energy? What ingredients can be found inside of a hotdog? How did Julius Caesar affect Rome? What are some common sleep disorders and how are they treated? How did the Freedom Riders change society? How is internet censorship used in China and around the world?
What was the code of the Bushido and how did it affect samurai warriors? What are the risks of artificial tanning or prolonged exposure to the sun? What programs are available to help war veterans get back into society?
What steps are involved in creating a movie or television show? How have the film and music industries dealt with piracy? How did Joan of Arc change history? What responsibilities do secret service agents have? How does a shark hunt? What dangers and hardships did Lewis and Clark face when exploring the Midwest?
Has the Patriot Act prevented or stopped terrorist acts in America? Do states that allow citizens to carry guns have higher or lower crime rates? How are the Great Depression and the Great Recession similar and different? What are the dangers of scuba diving and underwater exploration? How does the human brain store and retrieve memories? What was the Manhattan Project and what impact did it have on the world?
How does stealth technology shield aircraft from radar? Why did Martin Luther protest against the Catholic Church? How does a search engine work? What are the current capabilities and future goals of genetic engineers? How did the Roman Empire fall? What obstacles faced scientists in breaking the sound barrier? How did the black plague affect Europe? What happened to Amelia Earhart?
What are the dangers and hazards of using nuclear power? How did Genghis Khan conquer Persia? What architectural marvels were found in Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire? From where does spam email come and can we stop it?
How does night vision work? If this topic looks like a great one for you, see my help in writing your paper:. I want to write a research paper on natural disasters Vs damages and costs.
Is this a good topic? I want to do research on a female prisoner's re-entry into society. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Looking forward to exploring more of your writing.
This is very useful and an easy way to come by some topics that are interesting to myself! I'm sure I'll use some of these great topics for writing future papers! Not only is these great ideas for college papers, they are great ideas for hubs!
I'm going to have to bookmark this hub for future reference. Another great source of information for essay writers. You never know when you need this inspiration as a student. Lots of great research paper ideas here! I really like your topics about released prisoners getting jobs. I have always found that to be a fascinating topic as it seems that our system does not do a good job of preparing prisoners to re-enter the world. Also, your topic prompts about hazing were very unique as well.
Good collection of topics. Post graduate students often struggle to find a feasible topic to be researched on. For them this list will be helpful. What a great research on research topics. I am sure it would be helpful to we hub writers also.
Great resource for college students. Honestly, if I never write another research paper it will be all right by me. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
However, before you get started, be sure to Google search some information on the topic to see: What are the different positions or ideas people have on this topic? Who is interested in this? What is the background of this problem?
What is the current situation? If this topic looks like a great one for you, see my help in writing your paper: Do colleges do enough to train people for their jobs? Are colleges more geared toward making money and building their own reputations than really educating Undergraduates?
When we equate college degrees with good jobs, do we perpetuate class distinctions between better and low-level jobs? Are young people hurt by the fact that parents expect or even demand that they go straight from high school to college? Are older people who might appreciate a college education more denied access? Should colleges be re-organized to become places where people search for truth rather than a place to prepare people for a career?
Should colleges abolish grades and give students written evaluations of their performance instead? Does striving to make it into college make students work harder in High School? What is the correlation between student high achievement in high school and how well those same students do in college? What is the most important factor in students staying past their freshman year at the same college?
How can your college improve their retention rate? What causes students to get into too much college debt? How can students avoid getting in too much debt? Is going to a private University worth the additional cost compared to a public University or Junior college? Do graduate students teach as well as tenured faculty? Does class attendance really matter? Should students in college be graded on whether they attend class?
What are the best strategies for studying to make good grades in college? Should student athletes or students with learning disabilities get special accommodations at college? Why or why not? Has the feminist movement been a help to women or not? How has feminism changed America? How common is domestic abuse, or child abuse? How does education of women change a society? How are cultural expectations of women different in Muslim vs.
Why do people marry? How has marriage changed? What is the history of marriage? What are the most important health risks for women to be aware of? How is heart health different for men and women? How do the female hormones protect women from heart disease? Is the Pill good or bad for women to use?
Are there health benefits to having children? Why do so few women put their child up for adoption? What is the effect of birth control and pregnancy on the psyche of a woman? Are women with children happier than women who do not give birth to a child?
Each of these Research Paper Topics can be a standalone subject for a research paper, or can give you a general idea for a good place to start.
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5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Health and the Environment You can research environmental or health topics ranging from small, local and regional topics to large, global issues. For instance, you might research the best practices of sustainable cities to . Jun 11, · Best Research Paper Topics It is well known fact that writing a research paper is hard. The biggest problem students usually struggle with is finding research paper topic. The main difficulty is that topic is the most important element of the whole research paper.
Good research paper topics are focused, specific, and easily divided into three main sections. Here are good research paper topics for history. Includes suggested outlines and topic variations. Jun 29, · Great Research Paper Topics. Updated on February 6, Virginia Kearney. more. The best way to choose a good topic for your Research Writing is to find a question that interests you. If you know something about it, that can give you a head start. However, before you get started, be sure to Google search some information on the topic Reviews: 9.