It gives them the chance to explore a subject or idea more fully than was possible in the classroom. It teaches them how to process and use information in general, which will help in every aspect of life as they get older. Children who do more homework, in general, score better on standardized tests through secondary school. Set goals together early in the year. Children best meet their goals when they help make them, so ask what they hope to achieve this year. Set goals for the year or semester, and write them down in a prominent place to refer to monthly.
Did they start homework too late in the evening to finish before bedtime? Did they have trouble concentrating in the location where they tried to work? Where do they see areas for improvement? Are there certain subjects that they need to spend more time on each day? Is there another time or area where they might be able to study better?
Maybe you could set up a special reading nook under a small tent in a corner, or designate a comfortable chair for reading and let your child decorate the space around it. Establish a consistent homework routine.
Work with your child to determine what time they will complete their homework each day. Allow them to take a break between getting home from school and starting their assignments. Creating, and sticking to, a routine will help your child become responsible for completing their homework independently. Alternatively, they may complete their homework in their room after dinner each night. Get a calendar or planner for them to write down their study time, a daily list of assignments, and any due dates, if applicable, for larger projects.
Make sure to account for after-school activities or sports on the weekends. Some days they might need to do homework at a different time to adjust for other activities.
Maybe they concentrate better after dinner than before. Perhaps they find it more helpful to do homework after 30 minutes after coming home from school, while lessons from the school day are still fresh on their mind.
Set up an effective workspace. Younger kids might work best at the dinner table while you are working nearby. Older kids may need to be in a separate room at a desk. Wherever it is, make sure they have all the materials needed to work pencils, erasers, a sharpener, pens, paper, books, a dictionary, etc and eliminate distractions.
Ensure there is good lighting and a comfortable but not too comfortable seat. Instrumental music is best. Ask the teacher if they post assignments or examples on their own website or a school-run blackboard. Sometimes, students can send questions via the web to teachers as they are working. For older kids, if there is not a place in the house where they can be alone, the library may be a better study spot.
Go over good study habits. What kinds of assignments take longer or need to be prepared for? When should they start projects and papers, and what advantages are there to finishing these early. Are there study tools your child might want to try out: An online tutoring site might be enough help, but your child may need one-on-one assistance.
A knowledgeable tutor may be able to identify where they are having difficulty and approach the subject in a new way. They also will be less emotionally involved than you are. Be a good example. Teach your child good study habits by doing them yourself. While they do homework, consider doing something academic too. Read a book or newspaper, start learning a new language or skill, balance your checkbook or go over and return your emails.
You can sit with your child in their designated homework space. Since you have to speak during lessons, sit in a nearby room or open room while they work at their desk in the bedroom or office. Show them your progress to encourage them to study hard throughout the year. Going over your expenses or checkbook demonstrates why learning math is important. Instead of using a calculator, let younger kids see you do the work by hand like they do.
If your child needs to visit the library, pick out some books on a topic about which you want to learn. If they completed a math assignment and just had trouble with one problem, you might be able to identify any missteps. If you had to give your child a lot of help on an assignment, make sure the teacher knows. How long should assignments take?
How do they want you to be involved? Develop a positive relationship with their teacher s at the beginning of the year, before any problems come up, so you can work together throughout the year to best help your child.
Generally, in K-2, homework should ideally take minutes a day independent of reading practice ; for , minutes a night is average; from 7th grade on, the amount should depend on specific assignments and may vary from day to day. Make sure you know what materials you need to provide your child. Typically, elementary school kids get a list of supplies on the first day, or even earlier. If not, ask the teacher what your child should bring to class everyday.
Find out their homework and attendance policies. What happens if a student fails to turn in an assignment? Kids learn best when they're given examples of how to solve problems, Koedinger says.
Instead of doing the work, show your child how you'd do a similar task, step by step. After each step, have him explain to you why you did it. For example, in the infamous algebra problem where two trains are converging at different speeds, you might begin by drawing a diagram of the two trains. Ask your child, "What can this diagram show me? You can also offer alternative ways of approaching a task. If a child struggles with math equations, put them into a story format.
Research shows that we use the anterior prefrontal cortex to solve a story problem, and the posterior parietal cortex for equations -- but using either one can lead to a correct solution. When it comes to learning, "no pain, no gain" is a misconception, Koedinger says. While a certain amount of struggling is normal, "pointless pain -- banging your head against the wall -- is a waste of time. Without enough basic knowledge, his homework won't be up to par and learning as a whole will be slower.
You might have to review earlier lessons to find the sticking point. Are you learning the material along with your child?
Show him how to find the resources and examples he needs, whether in his class materials or on the Internet. That can be an even broader lesson," Koedinger explains. Houk finds that having her son do homework in the kitchen while she makes dinner keeps her from giving him too much help. She says, "I'm just distracted enough to make sure he's getting it done without taking over.
However, your goal should be to help less over time and move physically farther from where your child works. Laura Laing and her partner, Gina Foringer, make a point of staying out of the room where their daughter, Zoe, 11, does homework.
Helping Your Child With Homework. PDF ( KB) en Español. Title Page. Foreword. Homework: A Concern for the Whole Family. The Basics. Why Do Teachers Assign Homework? Does Homework Help Children Learn? What's the Right Amount of Homework? How to Help: Show That You Think Education and Homework Are Important How to Help: Provide Guidance.
Experts talk about how to help your child with homework -- without doing the work yourself. How to help your child organize and learn from homework.
The sooner you intervene, the sooner you can help your child get back on track. When Kids Struggle With Homework. Consistent complaints about homework or ongoing struggles with assignments could indicate a problem. In some cases, kids simply need to learn and practice better study habits. Be sure your kids are writing down assignments correctly. Teach your child that studying is more than just doing homework assignments. One of the most misunderstood aspects of schoolwork is the difference between studying and doing homework assignments. Encourage your child to do things like.