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How to Make Papier Mache African Mask

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Susan - elementary teacher from Long Island - builds up the mask first with plasticine clay. This is then removed once mask is pulled from the mold. Aluminum foil may also be used to build up features - and works great for horns. Go beyond the form of the milk jug. Some recommend using white newsprint. Brown paper bags soaked in water also make a good final layer. Give choices for finishing - paint with tempera or acrylics - OR tiny pieces of torn construction paper can be applied to the surface using a white glue glaze.

This technique is very time consuming but produces a unique surface look. See orange mask example. Torn or cut tissue paper applied with gloss medium is also a nice finish. If the masks are painted with tempera, a rub-down with brown shoe polish creates an aged patina that I really like. The surface can then be buffed. Also, two colors can be layered and then sanded to expose small amounts of the underlying color for an interesting surface.

See sanded color example. If a student opts out of the shoe polish look, an acrylic glaze is an effective final treatment. Embellish with Beads - feathers - fake fur - buttons - shells - horse hair - raffia - whatever you have on hand. This project can be made cost free using donated and recycled materials.

Miss-matched house paint may often be obtained for free or minimal cost from paint stores. It is so much easier to do them on a newspaper hump. I would cover the hump with foil so the mask will pop off easily when they are done a touch of Vaseline won't hurt.

Here is an idea that is very doable. Use heavy duty foil to make a mold of the student's face students can work in pairs. Stuff the nose area and chin etc with wadded up newspaper - or paper toweling - then place the foil mask over the newspaper hump. That way there is a bit of the student in the mask form.

Christian researched African masks on line - looking at various cultures and made notes of characteristics. She made her own African style mask using this lesson plan and newspaper hump. Did students integrate planning into their own mask design - showing characteristics of masks from various cultures? Did students break the form with added sculptural relief? Did students exhibit craftsmanship and creativity in finishing their mask and applying embellishments?

I have seen some wonderful masks made like the Iroquois and Seneca corn husk masks. A braided ring is made around each eye opening. Cheeks are made from coiled braids - Nose is a braided shape. Torn and cut "fringe" is added around the edge when dry. Another relatively "no cost" project when end rolls are saved by the custodians. It looks like they use Chinette paper plates or some kind of plate as a base -then build up the muzzle on many of them - some are flat.

You could paint with tempera or acrylic. Yarn is added all around for a very festive look. I have wondered what kind of masks those paper plates would make that have the molded ears already. My grocery story carries those Judy Decker. Image used is copyrighted. Artsonia site allows its use for this purpose - as a teaching tool for non-commercial use - for education.

I've done a similar lesson with my 1st grade or Kindergarten students. We turn the chinet plate "upside down" and tape one balled-up piece of newspaper on top You could add animal symbolism to this lesson - see meanings of animals in various cultures. Karen Filippelli Abbo http: Try using a hump of newspaper - adding wads of newspapers to build up features - and aluminum foil too.

Your finished masks will pop off of the aluminum foil when done. Save the paper humps to use another year - or just pitch. Jazz Hound is my favorite animal of hers: Jagdish Chintala from India. Middle School Lesson Objectives: Students will understand the place of masks in various cultures 2. Students will use a ritual, holiday or theme of importance from their own life as inspiration for the mask 3.

Students will make a planning sketch of their mask 4. Students will create a mask using cardboard construction, plaster and paper mache. Students will actively engage in the processes that constitute creation and performance in the arts and participate in various roles in the arts. Students will be knowledgeable about and make use of the materials and resources available for participation in the arts in various roles.

Students will respond critically to a variety of works in the arts, connecting the individual to other works and to respond to other aspects of human endeavor and thought. The paste will be easiest to use if it's in a shallow tray or wide brimmed bowl.

Dip a piece of paper into the paste and let the paper soak in the paste. Get the excess off the paper by scraping it along the side, if necessary. You may want to lay down extra newspaper to clean up the mess easily later.

The first layer should be placed vertically, the second horizontally, and so forth. Use the blank paper in between newspaper layers to make it easy to see where you've already gone. If you'd like to mold on features, do so now. You can form eyebrows, cheekbones, or lips rather easily. Leave it on the side to dry.

Make sure that the paper is secured on the balloon or else your mask may come apart. This may take several hours. Pop the balloon with a needle. For safety reasons, be sure to pop it away from your face.

You've now got the base of your mask! Use scissors to cut the newspaper ball in half. Depending on how much of the balloon you covered, you may end up with two separate masks, one large mask, or a mask that you want to shave down to size.

If you want a slightly different shape, by all means! Cut off a lower forehead, cut off the chin to be able to speak, or make any style choices you see fit. You'll want two for eyes, at least one for the nose, and possibly one for the mouth. If you're going to wear it, make sure the holes line up!

In addition, poke two holes on the side to hold the band that will keep the mask on your face. Push a rubber band cut in half through the holes and make a knot on each side.

If you don't have a rubber band, you may use string, ribbon or a long piece of elastic. This is where your or your child's creativity really gets to shine. It's all up to you. And if paint isn't enough, add hair, googly eyes, glitter, or any other embellishment you have handy. The last thing you want is a perfect mask that is ruined by touch.

Come back to it the next day and marvel at your work. Clean out a gallon jug. It must have a handle as this will be used for the nose. Make sure it's clean! You don't want any old milk stench wafting around.

Cut it in half, keeping the handle in tact. That means you'll be cutting it in half the long way. Cut out holes for the eyes and mouth, as big or as small as you'd like. Hold them together where they overlap. Tape the strips where they overlap and trim the excess cardboard. Test the loop to ensure it still fits around your face. Tape a strip of cardboard from the top of the loop to the bottom to form a central support.

Tape a second strip across the first to form a "t. Plastic Bottle Frame Clean the bottle and remove the label. Trim the top and bottom of the bottle to remove the cap and base. Cut the bottle in half the long way. Beginning and ending at least 1 inch from the edge, cut four, straight slits. These slots will allow moisture to evaporate as the paper mache dries. Tape or hot glue the scraps of plastic to the bottle to add additional curves for facial features.

Any non-glossy paper may be used. Add warm water gradually until the paper is covered. Use a wooden spoon or your hands to rip and tear the paper until it is pulpy. Drain the excess water, until the pulp no longer floats. The pulp should remain very wet, and water will still fill the bottom of the bowl.

Roll pulp in palms to form a loose ball. Using a 12"x12" sheet of cardboard as a base, build a mask base with the pulp. Pile and pinch the pulp into the desired shape as you would clay. Dry for 2 days in a well-ventilated area.

How to Make an African Mask From Papier-Mâché

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In Africa, masks are carved which depict deities, spirits and animals. These figures are central to native belief systems because they explain how the world works. Find out how to make an African mask from papier-mâché by following the steps in this article.

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African masks play a vital part many cultures and tell such tales of expression, religion and personality. They are created with so many colours and designs and they are great fun to make. You can create your own design that .

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Before I added any paper mache, I spent some time poking and pushing and taping the top of the mask, so it woudl be as rounded as possible. I also spent some time shaping the ears so they would have fairly smooth forms. Dogon Mask, Step Step Now for the wonderfully messy part – I begin to add a layer of newsprint and paper mache paste. Find great deals on eBay for paper mache african mask. Shop with confidence.

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Project Difficulty Level: Challenging. This paper mache mask is modeled after a one that was made by a Dogon artist. There are a number of websites that show these masks, because their beauty makes them valuable works of art. I found the hyena mask I copied here. The process was challenging because. Product Features Made of Paper Mache Mask Is about 7" Wide and 14" Long with the Nose.